Spiritualists versus the Materialists in Ancient India

In India, philosophy had its origins in a search of relations between self and the universe, done by people who were religious in outlook. These were people less interested in the monotonous routines of the ritual sacrifices and more interested in probing relations between self and the universe. Continue reading Spiritualists versus the Materialists in Ancient India

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

translated by Sri Aurobindo

Chapter One. Section I

1. OM. Dawn is the head of the horse sacrificial. The sun is his eye, his breath is the wind, his wide open mouth is Fire, the master might universal. Time is the self of the horse sacrificial. Heaven is his back and the midworld his belly, earth is his footing, – the regions are his flanks and the lesser regions their ribs, the seasons his members, the months and the half-months are their joints, the days and nights are of his body. The strands are the food in his belly, the rivers are his veins, his liver and lungs are the mountains, herbs and plants are his hairs, the rising is his front and the setting his hinder portion, when he stretches himself, then it lightens , when he shakes his frame, then it thunders, when he urinates, then it rains.mSpeech, verily, is the sound of him. Continue reading Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

Aitareya Upanishad

translated by Sri Aurobindo Chapter One. I. Section

1. Hari OM. In the beginning the Spirit was One and all this( universe) was the Spirit;  ; there was nought else that saw. The Spirit thought, “Lo, I will make me worlds from out my being”.

2.These were the worlds he made : ambhah, of the etheral waters, maricich,  of light, mara of death and mortal things, apah, of the lower waters.
Beyond the shining firmament are the etheral waters and the firmament is their base and resting-place;  Space is the world of light ; the earth is the world mortal ; and below the earth are the lower waters.

3.The Spirit thought , “Lo, these are the worlds, and now will I make me guardians for my worlds”
Therefore he gathered the Purusha out of the waters and gave Him shape and substance. Continue reading Aitareya Upanishad