Ancient Egyptian Sexuality and Girl

…Revel in pleasure while your life endures
And deck your head with myrrh. Be richly clad
In white and perfumed linen; like the gods
Anointed be; and never weary grow
In eager quest of what your heard desires –
Do as it prompts you… Continue reading Ancient Egyptian Sexuality and Girl

Zoroastrians and Judaism

Fall of Assyria’s Empire and Rise of the Moses Legend

Assyria’s great empire lasted no longer than would the empires that began in the late nineteenth century — about seventy-five years. Assyria weakened itself economically by continuous wars to maintain its empire, including defending against invasions by an Indo-European tribal people, the Cimmerians, who came upon the Assyrians from the northeast. The Assyrians spent themselves expanding into Egypt and in quelling the rebellions of Egyptian princes. The Cimmerian menace increased, and more rebellions occurred within the empire. Assyria was burdened by the expense of maintaining its army. Soldiers had to be paid. Massive numbers of horses had to be cared for and fed. Siege engines had to be moved against rebellious cities. Continue reading Zoroastrians and Judaism

Ancient Greece Sex

In Ancient Greece, fertility was taken from the
Human Body Early Biblical women and given to the men both in their religion
History of Sex Early Mediterranean and through phallic iconization.
Zeus’ penis became the womb for the gods and
Paraphilias Aztec Empire according to Greek mythology it was Zeus who
Pleasures of Sex Mayan Empire gave birth to the gods.
Men owned everything. They owned property,
Religion & Sex Middle Ages women, and slaves. A Greek woman had no
Research Renaissance/Reformation rights in marriage and her father gave a
STDs Puritans dowry or paid another man to take their
Societies Victorianism daughter off their hands. Male children were
Variances Adolf Hitler sent to private schools which their father
Violence Kinsey – 1950s paid for and women were not to be educa
In Ancient Greek art, there is a lot of phallus or penis worship by men. Men are generally depicted naked, including
soldiers. Married or virtuous women are depicted clothed, even if depicted in the same artwork with their naked
husbands. Prostitutes were generally depicted naked with naked men. Men liked to depict their own penises as
dainty little penises in later Greek art. Early Greek art (5th century BC) tells a different tale. In the artwork
from that timeframe, men gave themselves oversized phalluses. Sometimes they had double penises. They depicted
plants as being penises in the ground. They even depicted animals as having penis features, such as a horse with
an erect penis for a head or birds with erect penises for heads.

The Dionysus cult had a public parade every year in which the men carried the largest penis possible by a team of
men in a parade through the cities. On the ass which Hephaestus rides, the animal has a penis erection. Even in
Aphrodite’s temple on Acropolis, the altars were topped with phalluses.

To Ancient Greece, the penis was the main symbol of fertility and they even created dildos constructed from leather
and marketed them. The male idea of female sexuality was that Greek men believed that women envied their penises.
Men created artwork displaying women with dildos. Female homosexuality and female masturbation are rarely depicted
unless seen with a dildo.

Rape was common in Ancient Greece and seen by men as a “right of domination” by Greek men. Zeus, the god, was the
master rapist who raped many women. He raped Leda in the form of a swan. He raped Danae disguised as the rain.
He raped Alkmen disguised as her own husband. Zeus even raped other men, such as Ganymede. To the common man,
they usually staked out water wells and then raped the women when they went to get water. It was also common to
rape prostitutes, slaves, and their own wives.

Greek Goddesses

Hera was the queen of heaven, wife of Zeus, and the protectress of wifehood. But Hera was not actually the mother
of the gods as Zeus somehow had the womb in his penis and gave birth to them.

Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty and love, she gave life, joy, love, beauty, fertility, grace, restoration of
life, immortality, prosperity, and charm. She was the goddess of sexual love. Aphrodite is said to have risen from
the foam of the sea. The metaphor means that she was a foreign goddess, an imported goddess. Some believe that she
was imported from Phoenicia.

Cupid is said to have predated Aphrodite, although the two are commonly depicted together. When Aphrodite arose
from the sea, Cupid met her at the shore. Cupid is represented by a beautiful youth.

Athena was the goddess of battles. She had wisdom and intellect. She protected the arts and the sciences.
By the 5th century, Athena was stripped of her feminity by men. In artwork her genital areas were robed,
breasts covered. Sometimes she was shown wearing a corset of snakes covering her breasts. Other times men
gave her a Medusa-like head with snakes around her head.

Diana was the goddess of girlhood and virginity.

Greek Wifes

The father of the daughter paid another man to take the daughter off his hands in the form of a dowry.
After that point, the woman became the property of the husband. Athenian women usually married at age
fourteen or fifteen. Spartan women waited until age eighteen. Spartan women, in general, had more
respectability. But the rest of Greek women had low status. Women were not allowed to share in social
entertainment with their husbands. Married women were not allowed to walk the streets alone but had to
be accompanied by a slave or attendant. Women were not allowed to be educated, nor taught to read or
write. It was a common practice for Greek men to lock up their own wife in the home when they left.
Respectable women were not to show any flesh but to keep their bodies covered, even in the art depictions
of married women having sex with their own husbands, the women were clothed while their husband was naked.

A wife’s sole responsibilities and duty in life was to bear the legitimate children and labor in the
home. Some married women were able to escape these chores by passing them on to slaves. Women were
expected to give birth to male children and female infantcide was common. In other cases, female babies
were sold to brothel owners or sold into prostitution at birth.

Wives constantly had to compete sexually for their own husbands with prostitutes and slaves in their
own homes. There was a lot of violence against women. Some wives were killed by their husbands. A lot
of women died in childbirth. When the younger women were forced into marriage at an early age, the
younger wives tended to die more frequently (except in Sparta, where marriage age was 18). Young girls
were taught that dying in childbirth was martyrdom.

Prostitution: The Hetaera

Greek men believed that they had refined prostitution into the “hetaera” or a groomed prostitute. Hetaera
were for pleasure, concubines for men’s daily bodily care, and the wives were for bearing legitimate
children. Another Greek word for prostitute is “earth striker” or “chamaitype” which suggests that
the prostitutes were not in beds, nor on fine couches, but had sex on the bare earth and dirt. In Pompeii
brothels had beds made of stone. Girl babies were sold to brothel owners.

Men created a lot of artwork depicting sexual relations with prostitutes. Some simply show hetaera
urinating in pots, showing the male preoccupation with golden showers. Men did artwork of anal sex
with hetaera. Doggie-style was the Athenians favorite position in their artwork with the hetaera.
Beastiality was even painted in artwork of men penetrating deer, horses, and cows.

Apparently, many Greek hetaera disliked giving fellatio. It was a common practice to beat prostitutes
if they refused to provide that particular service or refused to lower the price of that service. Anal
rape and forcing a prostitute to give fellatio was also commonly practiced. Even in men’s own artwork
of the hetaera, the did depict themselves beating various prostitutes and raping them. It was common to
beat prostitutes with fists, sticks and sandals. Some men did become attached to their prostitutes and
painted them in more favorable and intimate artwork.

Hetaera were usually slaves from the poorest classes. Some Greek men bought brothel prostitutes as
concubines. Peripatetic prostitutes were streetwalkers soliciting Greek men on the streets. Temple or
consecrated prostitutes charged the highest prices. In Corinth, it was said that the temple held over
a thousand consecrated prostitutes as Corinth was a ship city between the Aegean Sea.

Male Homosexuality

Even though male homosexuality was common in Ancient Greece, it was censored in their artwork to an
extent. In literature, it is called “love of a man for a man.” In paintings, the homosexual men are
depicted clothed together, except for homosexual prostitutes who are depicted naked.

When homosexual men wrote about their love for other men the most loved boys were usually age 12-14.
Some homosexual men wouldn’t even try to have sex with a boy over the age of 17.

For Further Readings on Ancient Greece:

Faraone, Christopher. (1999) Ancient Greek Love Magic. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Flaceliere, Robert. (1962) Love in Ancient Greece. New York: Crow Publishers.
Garrison, Daniel H. (2000) Sexual Culture in Ancient Greece. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Halperin, David; Winkler, John; Zeitlin, Froma. (eds.) (1990) Before Sexuality: The Construction
of Erotic Experience in Ancient Greece
. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Keuls, Eva C. (1985) The Reign of the Phallus. New York: Harper & Row.
Licht, Hans. (1963) Sexual Life in Ancient Greece. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Louys, Pierre. (1933) Aphrodite. New York: The Modern Library.
Robinson, C. E. (1933) Everyday Life in Ancient Greece. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Thornton, Bruce S. (1997) The Myth of Ancient Greek Sexuality. Boulder: Westview Press.
Winkler, John J. (1990) The Constraints of Desire: the Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Ancient
. New York: Routledge.

Ancient China Sex

During this time, female homosexuality was widespread, but male homosexuality was rare. Male homosexuality was
forbidden because it was considered a complete loss of yang essence on the part of both men. Meanwhile, since
women were said to have an unlimited yin essence, there was no loss of yin in female homosexual relations.
Not until the Han dynasty did male homosexuality figures reach the same standard as among other societies.

At first, prostitution was accepted by the Chinese. Men thought that they could gain more yin from prostitutes
than from normal women. They believed that since such women had sex with so many men, that they had acquired more
yang essence from them, thus, they could give a patron more yang essence than he had lost. However, Chinese
medicine began to identify prostitutes with many diseases at an early stage in human history and they began
warning men against them.

Ch’in Dynasty – 221 BC to 24 AD

The Ch’in Dynasty shifted the Taoist culture to a Confucianist culture, which was completely different.
Women were placed in an inferior position to men. All physical contact between men and women was confined
to marriage and their bedroom or a couch. After leaving the bedroom or couch, there was to be no physical
contact between husbands and wives. The sex act in itself was looked upon as a sort of sin by Confucianism.
Sex was only for procreation and to provide a sacred family life.

Men were allowed to see concubines and there was an entire set of Confucianist rules for concubines, such as
grooming rules. A man’s concubine was not allowed to stay in bed after the sex act if his wife was not present
but the concubine had to leave. Even if the concubine was age 50, the man was supposed to have sex with his
concubine every five days. During this time period, there were many sadistic relationship among the Ch’in
dynasty families and many incestous relationships between close kin members of the dynasty.

Later Han Dynasty – 25 AD to 220 AD

With the Han Dynasty came the return of Taoist doctrines, only by this point in time, Taoism was now an
organized religion with its own church and priests. New sexual texts began to surface such as The Handbook
of the Plain Girl
and The Art of the Bedchamber. Both texts referred to a Yellow Emperor, who was attempting
to live a long, healthy life and obtain a form of immortality through sex. Emphasis was placed on breathing
techniques during sex to prolong a man’s orgasm to make a woman orgasm several times to gain her yin essence.

New metaphors and symbolicism evolved in literature to show men and women and their sexuality. The color red
was female, a crucible, the ova, her cinnabar (vulva). The color white became symbolic of men and their semen.
The White Tiger was symbolic of men and the Green Dragon was symbolic of women.

Three Kingdoms & Six Dynasties – 221 AD to 590 AD

During this time frame there were many conflicts between different cultures and the ruling classes during the wars.
There was intermixing between Taoist doctrines, Confucian doctrines and Buddhist doctrines.

Sui Dynasty – 590 AD to 618 AD

Once again, China returned to the Taoist doctrines and new sexual literature and manuals began to flourish.
Such texts included the following:
The Secret Methods of the Plain Girl
Handbook of Sex of the Dark Girl
Recipes of the Plain Girl
Secret Prescriptions for the Bedchamber
Principles of Nurturing
Secrets of the Jade Chamber

Many of the texts continue the sexual instruction to the Yellow Emperor, trying to tell him how to obtain a long,
immortal healthy life, by having many sexual relations with many women gaining their yin essence without expending
his yang essence, or prolonging his orgasms/ejaculation. All of the texts are very detailed and each has unique sets
of sexual positions with animal-like names for each individual sex position. Sex was seen as a cure-all for every
health ailment that a man had, and different sexual positions were given as prescriptions to cure these ailments.

For Further Readings on Sex in Ancient China:

Dikotter, Frank. (1995) Sex, Culture, and Modernity in China. London: Hurst & Company.
Golden, Paul. (2002) Culture of Sex in Ancient China. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Maynes, Mary Jo. (1996) Gender, Kinship, Power: A Comparative & Interdisciplinary History. New York: Routledge.
Ruan, Fangfu. (1991) Sex in China. New York: Plenum Press.
Van Gulik, Robert. (1961) Sexual Life in Ancient China. Netherlands: E. J. Brill.
Wile, Douglas. (1992) Chinese Sexual Yoga Classics Including Women’s Solo Meditation. New York: State University of New York Press.

sex in ancient greece

Not necessarily
“Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Impotence”,
but interesting nevertheless.

Better Than Hemlock

Quoted from a review of Simon Goldhill’s Foucault’s Virginity by James Davidson in The London Review of Books, October 1995.
Continue reading sex in ancient greece

Sexuality in Ancient Egypt

Long before the Greek and Roman artists depicted and described the most intimate aspects of human behaviour the ancient Egyptians had been practising their sensual expression for centuries. Erotica flowed through all levels of society like the waters of the Nile and although the evidence is scarcer it is no less potent.

Ancient Egyptians believed that life, sexuality and rebirth were elements that went hand in hand.

Marriage seems to have been a voluntary affair and for the most part monogamous – mainly because polygamy, whilst not illegal, was expensive. Continue reading Sexuality in Ancient Egypt