Ancient Sumerian Deities

Deity: Displays the name of the deity along with a notation of any other pantheons they belong to. Patron City: Center of worship of the deity. Description: A brief description of the deity’s duties. Symbol: Symbol commonly used to denote the deity. Relationships: Relationships with other deities. Comments: Interesting side notes concerning the deity. Also… Continue reading Ancient Sumerian Deities

Ancient Civilization Appears Along the Nile

The waters of the Nile came from annual rains in the tropics to the south of Egypt. The Nile rose in early July, and in October it receded, leaving little water and a layer of black, fertile soil — inspiring people there to call the area the Black Land.

The Maccabaean Revolt

Antiochus IV, ruling his empire including Jerusalem from Syria, wrongly assumed that the worship of Yahweh among the Jews could be transformed into the worship of the universal god, Zeus, as easily as such transformations had been made in his dominions farther east — where Jews worshiped Yahweh under the name of Zeus Sabazions. He… Continue reading The Maccabaean Revolt

Hellenism & Jews

With Alexander’s conquests also came significant cultural change. In West Asia and North Africa, well-to-do tradesmen, intellectuals and aristocrats who were neither Greek nor Macedonian, including those who were Jews, had begun developing an interest in things Greek — to the annoyance of those who believed that the old ways were best. From Marseille to… Continue reading Hellenism & Jews

Persecutions during Sassanid Rule

The high-priest of Zoroastrianism, Kartir Hangirpe, believed that he represented the one true religion. He was an absolutist, believing that there was good and evil, with nothing in between. Into the later half of the 200s CE, he continued with his persecution of competing religions: the Manichaeans, Christians, Jews and Buddhists. Then, sometime during the… Continue reading Persecutions during Sassanid Rule

Hatshepsut Poetry : Speak to Me

Poetry These poems are taken from Hatshepsut, Speak to Me by Ruth Whitman [Wayne SU Press, Detroit: 1992] HATSHEPSUT: When I was six my father Thutmose the First lifted me up to sit beside him on his throne of Amen.