Hyksos, Hittite and Hurrian Conquests

In the mid-1700s a literate people with a Semitic language moved through Canaan, took control of some cities there, and then conquered northern Egypt. It is not known who they were, except that the Egyptians called them Hyksos (hyk khwsht), which identifies them only as foreigners. Like the Kassites, the Hyksos had horses, and they… Continue reading Hyksos, Hittite and Hurrian Conquests

The Life of Cyrus The Great

[1.1.1] The thought once occurred to us how many republics have been overthrown by people who preferred to live under any form of government other than a republican, and again, how many monarchies and how many oligarchies in times past have been abolished by the people. We reflected, moreover, how many of those individuals who… Continue reading The Life of Cyrus The Great

ACHAEMENID DASCYLIUM

ACHAEMENID DASCYLIUM By: Michael Weiskopf Dascylium Metropolis Picture courtesy of Marco Prins & Jona Lendering (Livius) Dascylium, Achaemenid satrapy in northwestern Anatolia (Herodotus, 3.120.2; cf. Thucydides 1.129.1: tê`n Daskulitìn satrapeían; OPers. tayaiy drayahyâ; DB 1.15; Kent, Old Persian, p. 117), part of the Persian empire until the 330s B.C.E. The borders varied, extending as far… Continue reading ACHAEMENID DASCYLIUM

Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire Cyrus Cylinder, The First Charter of Human Rights By 546 BCE, Cyrus had defeated Croesus, the Lydian king of fabled wealth, and had secured control of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Greek colonies along the Levant. Moving east, he took Parthia (land of the Arsacids, not to be confused… Continue reading Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Army

By: Professor A. Sh. Shahbazi These life sized “Immortal Guard” in richly ornamental robes wear the twisted headband typical of native Iranians from Susa. The Achaemenian/Achaemenid Army is well known through descriptions by Herodotus, Xenophon, and Arrian as well as by illustrations on Persepolitan and Greco-Persian monuments. Of particular importance for the topic are the… Continue reading Achaemenid Army