Ancient Sumerian Deities

Deity: Displays the name of the deity along with a notation of any other pantheons they belong to. Patron City: Center of worship of the deity. Description: A brief description of the deity’s duties. Symbol: Symbol commonly used to denote the deity. Relationships: Relationships with other deities. Comments: Interesting side notes concerning the deity. Also… Continue reading Ancient Sumerian Deities

Athena Review : Sites and Museums in Roman Gaul: Arles

Arles (Arelate) was the first Roman town to be built in Gaul after the 49 BC defeat of Pompey’s forces at Marseille (Massilia) by Caesar during the Civil War. Caesar had also constructed his fleet there. A colony for veterans of the Sixth Legion was founded in 46 BC as Colonia Julia Paterna Arelate Sextanorum… Continue reading Athena Review : Sites and Museums in Roman Gaul: Arles

The Book of Ecclesiastes

The author of the Old Testament’s Book of Ecclesiastes called himself “the preacher.” And he claimed to be a “son of David,” an expression used commonly to describe oneself as a Jew rather than as an actual son of David. But some in modern times would believe that Ecclesiastes was written by Solomon, despite it… Continue reading The Book of Ecclesiastes

Spiritualists versus the Materialists in Ancient India

In India, philosophy had its origins in a search of relations between self and the universe, done by people who were religious in outlook. These were people less interested in the monotonous routines of the ritual sacrifices and more interested in probing relations between self and the universe.

Hellenism & Jews

With Alexander’s conquests also came significant cultural change. In West Asia and North Africa, well-to-do tradesmen, intellectuals and aristocrats who were neither Greek nor Macedonian, including those who were Jews, had begun developing an interest in things Greek — to the annoyance of those who believed that the old ways were best. From Marseille to… Continue reading Hellenism & Jews

Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple Deir El Bahri

By the banks of the Nile, across the river from Thebes, a three-tiered temple was found beneath hundreds of tons of sand tens of centuries after its construction. The temple is a reflection of the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, and was constructed alongside that eleventh-dynasty structure. However, the temple of Hatshepsut is far larger… Continue reading Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple Deir El Bahri