The Ancient Persian Empire

The early history of man in Iran goes back well beyond the Neolithic period, it begins to get more interesting around 6000 BC, when people began to domesticate animals

The Life of Cyrus The Great

[1.1.1] The thought once occurred to us how many republics have been overthrown by people who preferred to live under any form of government other than a republican, and again, how many monarchies and how many oligarchies in times past have been abolished by the people. We reflected, moreover, how many of those individuals who… Continue reading The Life of Cyrus The Great

Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire Cyrus Cylinder, The First Charter of Human Rights By 546 BCE, Cyrus had defeated Croesus, the Lydian king of fabled wealth, and had secured control of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Greek colonies along the Levant. Moving east, he took Parthia (land of the Arsacids, not to be confused… Continue reading Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Army

By: Professor A. Sh. Shahbazi These life sized “Immortal Guard” in richly ornamental robes wear the twisted headband typical of native Iranians from Susa. The Achaemenian/Achaemenid Army is well known through descriptions by Herodotus, Xenophon, and Arrian as well as by illustrations on Persepolitan and Greco-Persian monuments. Of particular importance for the topic are the… Continue reading Achaemenid Army

Cyrus The Great

Cyrus The Great Cyrus II, Kourosh in Persian, Kouros in Greek Artistic portrait of Cyrus the Great Cyrus (580-529 BC) was the first Achaemenid Emperor. He founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian Tribes- the Medes and the Persians. Although he was known to be a great conqueror, who at one point controlled one… Continue reading Cyrus The Great

Achaemenid Empire (550 BC–330 BC)

Apadana Hall, Persepolis: Angra Mainyu kills the primeval bull, whose seed is rescued by Mah, the moon, as the source for all other animals. The earliest known record of the Persians comes from an Assyrian inscription from c. 844 BC that calls them the ”Parsu” (Parsuash, Parsumash) and mentions them in the region of Lake… Continue reading Achaemenid Empire (550 BC–330 BC)