Zhou Dynasty

The third dynasty Zhou, was established in 1027 BC and it was destroyed by Qin in 256 BC, lasting approximately 770 years. It can be divided into two periods by the move of the capital West Zhou and East Zhou. The latter of which consists in two stages —— Spring and Autumn, Warring States.
West Zhou lasted from 1027 BC to 771 BC. The first king, Wu, moved the capital to Gao and demolished Shang. After the enthronement of Cheng, Zhougong suppressed the riots and more importantly, he carried out many measures to strengthen the newly-built dynasty. The system of conventions includes Jingtianzhi, Zongfazhi, Guoyezhi and Liyue, to name a few important ones. Continue reading Zhou Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

In the Chinese academia, Xia is considered to be the earliest dynasty of ancient times, but most of our knowledge about Xia dynasty, depends upon the documents of the succeeding dynasties and has not been confirmed yet. Shang, of ancient times, is the first dynasty which can be verified by precise archaeological materials. Now let’s introduce it to you.

Shang was founded in 16 century BC, and became extinct in 11 century BC, lasting 600 years. Shang moved its capital to another place many times, and finally settled down at Yin (near Anyang of Henan). Archaeological studies verify that in its early days, Chinese civilization had been highly developed. Its main characteristic is the inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells and bronze culture. Continue reading Shang Dynasty

Xia Dynasty

Xia is the first dynasty in the history of China, lasting nearly 500 years, from 21 century BC to 16 century BC, with 14 generations and 17 kings. It is situated mainly in the districts in the southern part of Shanxi and the western part of Henan.

It is said that Da Yu, the hero harnessing the river and rescuing the people, managed to get the support of his tribe due to his succeeding in controlling the Yellow River from overflowing throughout the year, thus setting up the Xia dynasty. Xia Dai’s setting up indicated that the long primitive society had been substituted by the private ownership society.  From then on, China entered the slave society. Continue reading Xia Dynasty