Nowruz Persian New Year

Persepolis all nations staircase. People from across Persia bring Nowruz gifts for the king. Nowruz is the traditional Iranian festival of spring which starts at the exact moment of the vernal equinox, commencing the start of the spring. It is considered as the start of the New Year among Iranians. The name comes from Avestan… Continue reading Nowruz Persian New Year

Achaemenid Empire

Achaemenid Empire Cyrus Cylinder, The First Charter of Human Rights By 546 BCE, Cyrus had defeated Croesus, the Lydian king of fabled wealth, and had secured control of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Greek colonies along the Levant. Moving east, he took Parthia (land of the Arsacids, not to be confused… Continue reading Achaemenid Empire

Ardashir Conquers and the Persians, to CE 241

Ardashir Conquers During the war between Marcus Aurelius and the Parthians (the years 162-66) the Great Pestilence not only devastated the Romans, it threw the economy of the Parthian Empire into decline. While the Roman Empire was busy with German intrusions, plague and a rapid turnover in emperors, the Parthian Empire disintegrated. The Parthians no… Continue reading Ardashir Conquers and the Persians, to CE 241

Parthian Empire

(250 BC–AD 226) The Parthian Empire. Metallic statue of a Parthian prince (thought to be Surena), AD 100, kept at The National Museum of Iran, Tehran. Its rulers, the Arsacid dynasty, belonged to an Iranian tribe that had settled there during the time of Alexander. They declared their independence from the Seleucids in 238 BC,… Continue reading Parthian Empire

Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia

Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia Mesopotamia Egypt Israel / Palestine 3500-3100 BCE Uruk 3100-2900 BCE Jemdet-Nasr 3100-2686 Early Dynastic 3150-2200 Early Bronze 2900-2700 BCE Early Dynastic I 2700-2500 BCE Early Dynastic II 2500-2300 BCE Early Dynastic III 2686-2200 Old Kingdom 2300-2150 BCE Sardonic/Akkadian 2150-2100 BCE Guti 2200-2040 1st Intermediate 2100-2000 BCE Ur III 2040-1786 Middle Kingdom… Continue reading Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia