The Sumerians Civilization

Hunter-gatherers had roamed that part of the Middle East called the Fertile Crescent, and they had planted gardens. By 7000 BCE the crops they planted became a major source of food. They had begun farming, which required permanent settlement.

Akkadian Language

Akkadian was a Semitic language (part of the greater Afro-Asiatic language family) spoken in ancient Mesopotamia, particularly by the Assyrians and Babylonians. It used the cuneiform writing system derived ultimately from ancient Sumerian, an unrelated, non-Semitic language. The name of the language is derived from the city of Akkad, a major center of Mesopotamian civilization.… Continue reading Akkadian Language

Ancient Pyramids

As is well known there are literally hundreds of pyramids of various styles scattered over the Earth, in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Far East, Southeast Asia and South Pacific, and in North and South America. A few of these sites demonstrating the different styles are: Iraq: The reconstructed ziggurat-pyramid at Ur, in ancient… Continue reading Ancient Pyramids

Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia

Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia Mesopotamia Egypt Israel / Palestine 3500-3100 BCE Uruk 3100-2900 BCE Jemdet-Nasr 3100-2686 Early Dynastic 3150-2200 Early Bronze 2900-2700 BCE Early Dynastic I 2700-2500 BCE Early Dynastic II 2500-2300 BCE Early Dynastic III 2686-2200 Old Kingdom 2300-2150 BCE Sardonic/Akkadian 2150-2100 BCE Guti 2200-2040 1st Intermediate 2100-2000 BCE Ur III 2040-1786 Middle Kingdom… Continue reading Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia