Archaeology Akra (Pakistan)

Definition: Akra is a large important site of the Achaemenid dynasty, located in the Bannu Basin south of Peshawar in what is today Pakistan. The site consists of a series of impressive mounds between 15 and 20 meters in height, and has been recognized as an archaeological site for more than 100 years.

Occupations at Akra date between 2000 BC and AD 1200. Evidence in the form of seals indicates a connection with central Asia by the early second millennium BC. Iron Age occupations at Akra suggest it may have been the capital of the Thatagus region, mentioned in the Behistun Inscription as one of the territories acquired by the Achaemenid King Darius I in the 6th century BC.

Inscription of Darius the Great in Bistun



Column 1

1. (1.1-3.) I am Darius the Great King, King of Kings, King in Persia, King of countries, son of Hystaspes, grandson of Arsames, an Achaemenian.

2. (1.3-6.) Darius the King says: My father was Hystaspes; Hystaspes’ father was Arsames; Arsames’ father was Ariaramnes; Ariaramnes’ father was Teispes; Teispes’ father was Achaemenes. Continue reading Inscription of Darius the Great in Bistun

Achaemenid Dynasty Pasargadae Image

Number of pictures courtesy of Mr Ali Majdfar

Landscape

Pasargadae Acropolis and Fortification.JPG (65681 bytes) Pasargadae Looking Approximately S Tomb of Cyrus the Great.JPG (65973 bytes) Pasargadae View Showing the Platform ar.d the Polygonal Fortification Wall.JPG (56043 bytes) pasargadae_map.gif (4409 bytes) pasargadae_irrigation.jpg (11489 bytes) pasargadae.jpg (63637 bytes) Apadana in comparison with Pasargadae.jpg (74951 bytes) pasargadae_bridge.jpg (25854 bytes)

Continue reading Achaemenid Dynasty Pasargadae Image

Babylonians

The 'Queen of the Night' Relief

The city of Babylon on the River Euphrates in southern Iraq first came to prominence as the royal city of king Hammurabi (about 1790-1750 BC). He established his control over many other kingdoms stretching from the Persian Gulf to Syria. The British Museum holds one of the iconic artworks of this period, the so-called “Queen of the Night”. Continue reading Babylonians