The Great Sphinx of Giza


(click and drag in , left or right)

The most enigmatic of sculptures, the was carved a single block of limestone left over in the quarry used to build the . Scholars believe it was sculpted 4,600 years ago by the pharaoh Khafre, whose rises directly behind it and whose face may be that represented on .

Sphinx The Sphinx from the rear, gazing down on Cairo.


Half human, half lion, the Sphinx is 240 feet long and 66 feet high. Badly eroded, it has undergone numerous restorations over the millennia, beginning with one conducted about 1400 B.C. by the pharaoh Tuthmosis IV, who dreamt that the Sphinx asked him to clear the sand around it in return for the crown of Upper and Lower . The Sphinx has recently undergone a major modern restoration.

Sphinx The so-called “dream stela” of Tuthmosis IV, which the pharaoh placed between the Sphinx’s paws about 1400 B.C.


In this 180° image, as you “walk” around the Sphinx from its left side to its right, watch the sunrise first strike the top of the Khafre Pyramid in the background, then light up the Sphinx itself. To get a sense of the sheer of the , keep an eye out, too, for the standing below it.

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