Khafre’s Inside Story

Khafre's pyramidKhafre, who was the son of , was also known as Rakhaef or Chephren. He ruled 2520 – 2494 B.C. and is responsible for the second largest complex at , which includes the , a Mortuary , and a Valley . The most distinctive feature of Khafre’s is the topmost layer of smooth stones that are the only remaining casing stones on a Giza .

Dates Built: c. 2558-2532 B.C.

Total Blocks of Stone:

Base: 704 feet (214.5 m) on each side covering a total area of 11 acres

Total Weight: undetermined

Average Weight of Individual Blocks of Stone: 2.5 tons, some of the outer casing blocks of stone weigh in at 7 tons

Height: Originally 471 feet (143.5 m) tall, now 446 feet (136 m) tall

Angle of Incline: 53 degrees 7′ 48″

Construction Material: Limestone and red granite

Khafre may be best known for his , and most famous among them is, of course, . Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass write of Khafre: “He was, after all, perhaps the greatest maker of of the Pyramid Age. There are emplacements in his pyramid temples for 58 , including four colossal sphinxes, each than 26 feet long, two flanking each door of his Valley Temple; two colossal , possibly of baboons, in tall niches inside the entrances of the Valley Temple; 23 - statues of the pharaoh in the Valley Temple (fragments of several have been found with his name inscribed on them); at least seven large statues of him in the inner chambers of his Mortuary Temple; 12 colossal Khafre statues around the courtyard of his Mortuary Temple; and ten more huge statues in the Sphinx Temple.”
: Aaron Strong

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