Culture of Ethnic Minorities in China

In order to inherit and develop the of , the governments of all national autonomous and prefectures have established the associations of writers, operas, music, dancing, fine arts, movies and photography according to the actual situation in their . Universities and minority colleges in some of these have opened the major of minorities’ and some local governments have set up art schools of various types, including conservatory, drama school and movie school, in order to cultivate minority with literary and artistic expertise as many as possible. Taking minority medicine for example, Tibetan, Mongolia and Uygur medical colleges as well as intermediate schools devoted to minorities’ medical study have been established in Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.

At present, a group of writers and artists ethnic minorities has been shaped in and among them writer Lao She from Manchu , poet Kang Langying from Dai and writer Wu Baixin from Hezhe are outstanding examples. Meanwhile, many professional and amateur troupes made up of minority artists have been established and their performances are very popular in rural areas, pasture regions and towns where ethnic groups live.

Meanwhile, a series of information concerning folk literature and art of ethnic minorities has been published. For instance, a great deal of them has been included in 10 collections of literature and artistic works initiated 20 years ago, including the record of traditional operas and the collections of folk songs, music of traditional operas, folk musical instruments, music of folk arts, folk dancing, folk stories, ballads, proverbs and folk arts.

In addition, the publication of minorities’ literature and art has also witnessed a steady development. At present, there are than 100 types of publication concerning literature and art of Chinese minority nationalities and in some places journals concerning local ballads, music, fine arts, movies and operas have been created, among which over 20 types are written and published in minorities’ languages. The number of books, newspapers and other publications in places where national autonomy is practiced has increased rapidly and among the books published than 3400 are written in minorities’ languages.

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