Culture of Ethnic Minorities in China

In order to inherit and develop the culture of ethnic minorities, the governments of all national autonomous regions and prefectures have established the associations of writers, operas, music, dancing, fine arts, movies and photography according to the actual situation in their regions. Universities and minority colleges in some of these regions have opened the major of ethnic minorities’ literature and some local governments have set up art schools of various types, including conservatory, drama school and movie school, in order to cultivate minority people with literary and artistic expertise as many as possible. Taking minority medicine for example, Tibetan, Mongolia and Uygur medical colleges as well as intermediate schools devoted to minorities’ medical study have been established in Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.

At present, a group of writers and artists from ethnic minorities has been shaped in China and among them writer Lao She from Manchu nationality, poet Kang Langying from Dai nationality and writer Wu Baixin from Hezhe nationality are outstanding examples. Meanwhile, many professional and amateur troupes made up of minority artists have been established and their performances are very popular in rural areas, pasture regions and towns where ethnic groups live.

Meanwhile, a series of information concerning folk literature and art of ethnic minorities has been published. For instance, a great deal of them has been included in 10 collections of Chinese literature and artistic works initiated 20 years ago, including the record of traditional Chinese operas and the collections of Chinese folk songs, Chinese music of traditional operas, Chinese folk musical instruments, Chinese music of folk arts, Chinese folk dancing, Chinese folk stories, Chinese ballads, Chinese proverbs and Chinese folk arts.

In addition, the publication of minorities’ literature and art has also witnessed a steady development. At present, there are more than 100 types of publication concerning literature and art of Chinese minority nationalities and in some places journals concerning local ballads, music, fine arts, movies and operas have been created, among which over 20 types are written and published in minorities’ languages. The number of books, newspapers and other publications in places where national autonomy is practiced has increased rapidly and among the books published more than 3400 are written in minorities’ languages.

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