|Mesopotamia||Egypt||Israel / Palestine|
|3100-2900 BCE||Jemdet-Nasr||3100-2686 Early Dynastic||3150-2200 Early Bronze|
|2900-2700 BCE||Early Dynastic I|
|2700-2500 BCE||Early Dynastic II|
|2500-2300 BCE||Early Dynastic III||2686-2200 Old Kingdom|
|2150-2100 BCE||Guti||2200-2040 1st Intermediate|
|2100-2000 BCE||Ur III||2040-1786 Middle Kingdom|
|2000-1200 Middle Bronze II|
|1600-1500 BCE||Dark Age||1786-1558
|1600-1050 BCE||Kassite/Middle Babylonian||1558-1085 New Kingdom||1100 “Conquest”|
|1400-1000 BCE||Middle Assyrian|
|1000-626 BCE||Neo-Assyrian||1050-925 United Kingdom|
|625-539 BCE||Neo-Babylonian||586 Exile|
|539-330 BCE||Persian/Achaemenid||539 Return|
|330-65 BCE||Alexander and Seleucid successors|
|250 BCE – 230 CE||Parthians (Arsacid)|
|650 CE – present||Arab / Islamic|
Late Helladic I
Outside the partial circuit wall, Grave Circle B, named for its enclosing wall, contained ten cist graves in Middle Helladic style and four shaft graves, sunk more deeply, with interments resting in cists. Richer grave goods mark the burials as possibly regal. Mounds over the top contained broken drinking vessels and bones from a repast, testifying to a more than ordinary farewell. Stelae surmounted the mounds.
A walled enclosure, Grave Circle A, included six more shaft graves, with 9 female, 8 male, and two juvenile interments. Grave goods were wealthier than in Circle B. The presence of engraved and inlaid swords and daggers, with spear points and arrowheads, leave little doubt that warrior chieftains and their families were buried here. Some art objects obtained from the graves are the Silver Siege Rhyton, the Mask of Agamemnon, the Cup of Nestor, and weapons both votive and practical.
Tutankhamun (throne name Neb-kheperu-re) the famous “boy king”.
Tutankhamun was a ruler of the 18th Dynasty (1336-1327 BC). Ironically until Howard Carter’s discovery of his tomb in 1922, Tutankhamun was one of the most poorly known of the pharaohs, he had a short reign, and his tomb is unlike most other royal tombs – consisting of only four small rooms rather than the long corridor style that was typical that period. After several years of fruitless digging in the Valley of the Kings, Carter’s team had finally discovered a rock-cut step below the entrance to the tomb of Ramesses VI. This was the first of a flight of steps that led down to a walled up entrance to a tomb, plastered over and stamped with large oval seals, five of which were inscribed with Tutankhamun’s throne name, Neb-khepru-re. Continue reading Tutankhamun