Petra Photo in Jordan

Photo: The Treasury at Petra, Jordan

The breathtaking of Petra was a vibrant trading hub that vanished most maps in the seventh century A.D. It lay beneath a thousand years of dust and debris when, in 1812, a Swiss scholar disguised as a Bedouin trader identified the ruins as the Nabataean capital.

Spread throughout a series of remote desert canyons in Jordan, Petra arose than 2,000 years ago at the crossroads of key caravan trade routes between Arabia, Syria, Palestine, and . The Nabataeans carved most of the sprawling city’s buildings, including temples, tombs, and theaters, directly into the ’s towering red sandstone cliffs. Here, a Bedouin walks his camel past Petra’s most famous building, Al Khazneh, or the Treasury.

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